Article Abstract

Hematologic markers of distant metastases in gastric cancer

Authors: Osama Abu-Shawer, Mohammad Abu-Shawer, Ayman Haimour, Abdullah Alhouri, Ala’a Aldeen Alkhatib, Musaab Abki, Omar Alqaisi, Omar Hamdan, Rahaf Alsaqri, Saeed Ismail, Tamer Altamimi, Maysa Al-Hussaini


Background: High neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is associated with poor overall survival (OS) in gastric cancer. This study evaluates whether NLR, in addition to other parameters including absolute neutrophil count (ANC), absolute lymphocyte count (ALC), absolute eosinophil count (AEC), absolute monocyte count (AMC), monocyte-lymphocyte ratio (MLR), and platelet-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) are associated with distant metastases, a common and poor prognostic feature of gastric cancer.
Methods: Clinical data from 502 gastric cancer patients treated at King Hussein Cancer Center (Amman, Jordan) have been retrospectively reviewed. We examined the association between ANC, ALC, AEC, AMC, NLR, MLR and PLR with the baseline distant metastases and OS. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was utilized to determine the optimal NLR cutoff value for association with distant metastases.
Results: Univariate and multivariate analyses showed that patients with high baseline NLR (≥3.9) had more distant metastases on presentation than patients with low NLR (<3.9), (P value: 0.0001 and 0.0005, respectively). Furthermore, patients with high baseline ANC (≥6,015/µL), AEC (≥215/µL), PLR (≥0.15) had more distant metastases in comparison to patients with low baseline ANC (<6,015/µL), AEC (<215/µL), PLR (<0.15) (P value: 0.024, 0.001, and 0.001, respectively). High ANC, NLR, MLR and PLR are associated with poor OS (P value: 0.046, 0.0003, 0.027, and <0.0001, respectively).
Conclusions: High ANC, AEC, NLR, and PLR are associated with distant metastases on presentation in gastric cancer. In the era of cancer immunotherapy, whether these immune phenomena predict the response of gastric cancer to immunotherapy is unknown.