Article Abstract

Inflammatory response and optimalisation of perioperative fluid administration during hyperthermic intraoperative intraperitoneal chemotherapy surgery

Authors: Piet de Witte, Christien A. de Witt, Johan L. van de Minkelis, Djamila Boerma, H. Frank Solinger, C. Erik Hack, Peter Bruins


Background: Surgical cytoreduction and simultaneous hyperthermic intraoperative intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) for peritoneal carcinomatosis has a high incidence of postoperative complications. Inadequate intraoperative volume therapy is a known risk factor for the development of postoperative complications. Another possible risk factor is the inflammatory response due to surgery and HIPEC. The aim of this observational pilot study was to monitor fluid intake in the first 24 hours peri- and postoperative by using a non-invasive cardiac output indicator. Furthermore, we measured circulating cytokines and evaluated the possible relation of these changes of inflammatory response with the non-invasive monitored fluid management.
Methods: Twenty-four patients undergoing cytoreductive surgery and HIPEC for peritoneal carcinomatosis were included. Patients were randomised into either a liberal fluid management group using intra-arterial blood pressure and central venous pressure measurement or a restrictive group by using intra-arterial blood pressure and central venous pressure measurement with FloTrac/Vigileo monitoring. Cytokines were measured with multiplex immunoassays.
Results: We found no difference in the amount of fluid administration in patients undergoing HIPEC surgery with FloTrac/Vigileo monitoring compared to standard care. Furthermore, there was no difference in mortality, ICU and hospital length of stay between both groups. A severe inflammatory response was seen in all patients after the HIPEC procedure with a rapid increase of interleukins and C-reactive protein (CRP). There was however no difference between our intervention and control group in the severity of this reaction. Finally, we found no relation between the severity of the inflammatory response and mortality, or a composite end-point of mortality and severe complications within 30 days postoperative.
Conclusions: FloTrac/Vigileo monitoring does not lead to a more restrictive fluid administration and does not influence short-term clinical course in patients undergoing HIPEC surgery. The procedure itself leads to a severe inflammatory response, which is not affected by the use of FloTrac/Vigileo. Our data do not support the use of FloTrac/Vigileo monitoring in patients undergoing HIPEC surgery concerning fluid restrictive management.