Article Abstract

Colon cancer laterality is associated with atherosclerosis and coronary artery disease

Authors: Stephani C. Wang, Joshua Schulman-Marcus, John Fantauzzi, Travis Bevington, Anthony Sayegh, Edward Lee, Ashar Ata, Mandahvi Kambam, Mandeep Sidhu, Radmila Lyubarova

Abstract

Background: Primary right-sided colon cancer (RCC) is associated with a higher mortality than left-sided colon cancer (LCC), but the etiology of this phenomenon remains unclear. We sought to study whether cancer laterality is associated with the prevalence of clinical coronary artery disease, calcific atherosclerosis as measured by computed tomography (CT), and cardiovascular risk factors.
Methods: We conducted a single center retrospective study of 546 participants who had previously been diagnosed with colon cancer between January 2005 and December 2014. The presence of coronary and aortic calcifications was assessed by CT in 486 of these patients. We examined the prevalence of clinical CAD (prior myocardial infarction or revascularization), comorbidities, coronary and aortic calcification in patients with RCC (n=261) and LCC (n=285). Logistic regression analysis was performed to assess the likelihood of clinical CAD and calcific atherosclerosis by cancer laterality.
Results: Compared to patients with LCC, patients with RCC were more likely to have hypertension, hyperlipidemia, hypothyroidism and clinical CAD. In the patients with available CT scans, RCC was associated with higher prevalence of coronary, thoracic, and abdominal calcifications than LCC. On univariate and multivariate analyses, RCC was associated with higher likelihood of clinical CAD (adjusted risk ratio 2.15, 95% CI, 1.37–3.38, P=0.001) as well as radiological evidence of calcific atherosclerosis compared to LCC.
Conclusions: we found that both clinical CAD and vascular calcifications are prevalent in patients with colon cancer, and are independently increased in patients with RCC compared to LCC.

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