Article Abstract

Updated survival outcomes and analysis of long-term survivors from the MORE study on safety and efficacy of radioembolization in patients with unresectable colorectal cancer liver metastases

Authors: Andrew Kennedy, Michael Cohn, Douglas M. Coldwell, Alain Drooz, Eduardo Ehrenwald, Adeel Kaiser, Charles W. Nutting, Steven C. Rose, Eric A. Wang, Michael A. Savin


Background: The Metastatic colorectal cancer liver metastases Outcomes after RadioEmbolization (MORE) study was a retrospective analysis of 606 patients with unresectable colorectal liver metastases treated with radioembolization (RE) using 90Y-labeled resin microspheres. The first analysis of this study was completed with a last patient follow-up of 77.7 months. We now provide an updated survival analysis through September 15, 2016, with a last patient follow-up of 125 months.
Methods: 90Y-RE was considered for patients with advanced liver-only or liver-dominant metastatic colorectal cancer which was deemed not suitable for surgery, ablation, or systemic therapy, and which had progressed or become refractory to at least one line of systemic therapy. All patients with a diagnosis of metastatic colorectal cancer who had received at least 1 RE treatment and 1 follow-up visit were included in the analysis. Patients were treated between July 2002 and December 2011 at one of 11 U.S. tertiary care centers. Data were collected at baseline, on the day of the first 90Y-RE treatment (day 0), and at all subsequent visits or until death. Patient medical charts and/or public records were accessed to obtain dates of death.
Results: Dates of death were obtained for 574 out of a total of 606 patients, and overall survival (OS) data analyzed. Updated median OS was 10.0 months (95% CI: 9.2-11.8 months) at a median follow-up of 9.5 months versus the originally reported median OS of 9.6 months (95% CI: 9.0-11.1 months) at a follow-up of 8.6 months in the first MORE analysis. Patients received a median (range) of 2 (0 to 6) lines of chemotherapy. Baseline characteristics and factors significantly associated with patient survival (P<0.01) are consistent with those reported in the first safety analysis of the MORE study. These factors include poor ECOG performance status, markers of advanced disease such as increased extent of tumor-to-target liver involvement, poor baseline liver function, pre-treatment anemia, lung shunt fraction, and number of lines of prior chemotherapy. Patient age did not significantly affect survival outcomes.
Conclusions: Long-term follow-up confirms that 90Y-RE treatment offers favorable survival benefits for patients with unresectable metastatic colorectal cancer, even among patients who received 3 or more prior lines of chemotherapy. Our analysis also supports earlier reported prognostic factors for survival after 90Y-RE. Overall, our updated analysis confirms that 90Y-RE treatment provided a meaningful response and survival advantage for MORE patients across all ages and across diverse community and academic centers in the U.S.