Markers of resistance to anti-EGFR therapy in colorectal cancer
Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is a therapeutic target in colorectal cancer (CRC). The benefit from EGFR inhibitors appears to be limited to a subset of patients with CRC. Mechanisms of resistance to EGFR inhibitors are being identified. KRAS codon 12 activating mutation is a predominate mechanism of resistance to EGFR inhibitors in around 40% of patients with advanced CRC. Other potential mechanisms of resistance include ligand expression, increased EGFR number, mutations of BRAF and activation of alternate signaling pathways.